A Field Study of Urban Microclimate in Bhopal – A City in the Subtropical Humid Climatic Zone

Title:

A Field Study of Urban Microclimate in Bhopal – A City in the Subtropical Humid Climatic Zone

Authors: Megha Jain (Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, NITTTR, Bhopal, India);
K.K. Pathak (Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology (BHU), Varanasi, India).
Issue: Vol 8, No 3 (2019)
Pages: 22-31
Section: Research Paper
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7492/IJAEC.2019.015
Citation: Megha Jain and K.K. Pathak (2019). "A Field Study of Urban Microclimate in Bhopal – A City in the Subtropical Humid Climatic Zone." International Journal of Architecture, Engineering and Construction, 8(3), 22-31.
Publisher: International Association for Sustainable Development and Management (IASDM)
Abstract: Urban microclimate plays an important role in outdoor thermal comfort and building energy consumption. A microclimate is influenced by many factors such as urban morphology-typology, vegetation, ground elevation, water body, Street geometry (H/W ratio), building density, traffic density, and surface properties. The campaign was implemented to investigate the microclimate parameters (air temperature, humidity, and wind speed) in residential areas in Bhopal (India). Results disclosed that the microclimatic parameters are considerably influenced by the landscaping, street geometry, and attributes of urban textures that highlight the necessity for each providing the microclimatic information. This analysis provides a valuable set of microclimatic information for a dense dominion in an exceedingly town exist within the subtropical humid climatic zone. According to the outcomes of this research, street geometry and vegetation are key factors in providing pleasant microclimate in outdoor urban canyons. In summer, temperature difference of 6.22 ? has been observed between two different stations. The results showed that incorporating vegetation and high H/W ratio in the urban canyon had led to a significant cooling of the street.
Keywords: Microclimate, energy technologies, urban area, building design
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